Ovaries are almond shaped female organs that release eggs for fertilization for the development of a prospective baby. Laparoscopic oophorectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the removal of one or both of your ovaries as a treatment for ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, tube-ovarian abscess (pus-filled sac), endometriosis (development of uterine tissue in a location other than the uterus), ovarian torsion (twisting of ovaries), and to reduce the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Removal of one ovary is termed unilateral oophorectomy and removing both ovaries is termed bilateral oophorectomy.
Prior to the surgery, your surgeon will have you clear your intestines with a bowel prep and fast the night before surgery. You may also have to discontinue any prior medications you may be taking. You should also talk to your doctor regarding your childbearing options prior to surgery.
The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia and can be performed with minimally invasive methods by using a laparoscope, a narrow lighted tube with a camera attached. During the laparoscopic surgery, three to four small incisions are made on your abdomen through which the laparoscope and surgical tools are inserted. The camera transmits images of the surgical site to a monitor which guides your doctor in precisely locating and removing the ovary. The ovaries are cut off from their blood supply and surrounding tissues and placed in a pouch, which is removed through one of the small incisions. After surgery you are able to return home once your anaesthesia wears off. Laparoscopic surgeries enable a quick recovery, are less painful and require a shorter hospital stay.
Like all surgical procedures, laparoscopic oophorectomy may have complications such as infections, damage to the surrounding tissues or organs, bleeding, bowel obstructions, rupture of tumour leading to the spread of cancer, and continued signs and symptoms from remnant ovarian cells.